Church? Pff, what Church?

“What can we say about the condition of the Catholic Church on the eve of the Protestant Reformation?”

First off, yikes. On the eve of the Protestant Reformation, people were—what’s the word?—-difficult. The people in higher ranks of office would act saintly around people and then go off and spend all of their money drinking and keeping concubines. Some people who used to be regular church goers, wanted something more dramatic, and would wait until a dramatic Catholic Priest came to town, to go to church. Some people wanted to tear down the church and others wanted to have it restructured under their terms. It wasn’t uncommon to see bribery and other things going on. Catholics praised certain authors who published books that changed the church, for example, The Imitation Of Christ by Thomas a Kempis. In conclusion, the state of the Catholic Church wasn’t a good one. The church was about to break off into separate groups and people of different beliefs will rise. But, hey, it’s not all terrible. We got some pretty awesome moments in history because of this event. Like when Martin Luther stood up the church. Yeah, that was epic.

Western Civ. 175



Death? Is That You?

“Do you think that the old man in the Pardoner’s Tale was death?”

In the Pardoner’s Tale, there were three men who saw a dead man being carried by some other men. The three men asked what was wrong with the dead man and the men carrying the dead man said that the man had been taken by death. Outraged, the three men made an oath with each other that they would hunt down and defeat death. One of the three men happened to know where death lived and they started to go along the path. While on the road, they ran into an old man. They asked him why he looked so old and the old man said it was because no one would trade their youth for his age and God commanded death not to take him. The old man said if they followed the crooked path up ahead, they would meet death at a big oak tree, and that death would be hiding from them. The three young men raced up the crooked path until they found the oak tree. Instead of finding death, the men found bushes with gold coin hanging from the branches. They decided to sit down and enjoy their riches, and thus their oath was broken. Two of the three men sent the other to go to town to get some wine and food. While the third was gone, the other two formed a plan to stab the third man to death, in order to get his share of the gold. But the third one, still in town, formed a plan to kill the other two men (to get their share) and bought a bottle of poison. When all three men came together at last, all of the plans were put into action. The first and second men stabbed the third, killing him, and then drank the wine that the third had poisoned, killing them. So, in the end, they did find death–just not as they had expected. 

So, do I think that the old man was death? No. Actually, I think the old man was the Devil. The old man pointed the three men down the crooked path and said they would meet death at the end of it. The Devil does the same with us–pointing us down the crooked path so that we may fall into death’s claws. The men were filled with greed and made acts of murder. That sounds like the work of a master demon, not death. Okay, if you still need convincing to why I think this isn’t death, here you go; I do not think that death should be portrayed as an old man or a skeleton or a grim reaper. In my mind, death is a child. Why? Because death is an unexpected, feared, and ultimate part of our lives. We all fear it, yeah, but it doesn’t need to be feared. I don’t mean you should go walk in front of a car or jump off a cliff so you can meet death sooner. Most people fear death because they don’t know what comes after it. In my opinion, when you meet death, you shouldn’t run away. Like Harry Potter, you should greet death as an old friend. Or ya know, maybe I’m just crazy. But, no, I don’t think that the old man was Death. That was definitely the Devil. 

English 2: 170


“What is bone marrow? What two types of bone marrow exist, and why are they important to the overall health of the body?”

Ok. You’re probably asking, “WHAT’S BONE MARROW?”. Well, I’m going to tell you, so I can get a good grade and not fail. Also, because I know what it is and I want you to be educated. Bone marrow is in the center of most strong bones like your legs and collar bone. It is made up of two sections of marrow. Red marrow and yellow marrow. The yellow marrow is surrounded by spongy bone tussle and red marrow. Ok, now you’re probably like “Wait, spongy bone?” Yeah, I know it sounds weird. Turns out, your bone isn’t super hard like you see in model skeletons. It’s actually squishy and spongy. So, let’s get back on topic. Red marrow is made up of fat cells and speaking of cells, red marrow is actually the creator of all blood cells. And because of that, red marrow can be transferred to people who have unique and different cancers and it helps them recover from their sickness. So yay for red marrow! When babies are born, they have all red marrow but when you’re an adult, you have 50% red marrow and 50% yellow marrow. The yellow marrow comes from maturity into an adult and forms from the red marrow. It helps provide proteins for the red marrow. Ok, so here comes the awesome part. If you loose blood, the red marrow creates new blood cells, and the yellow marrow can change back into red marrow to help produce cells. That’s why bone marrow is awesome. Because it can save your life. So, thank your body and thank the Lord that he created you with such an intricate and smart body. 

Biology 170




Louis XI

“Discuss some of the significant aspects of the reign of Louis XI.”

Louis XI reigned from 1461 to 1483 as King of France, succeeding his father King Charles VII. As battles were won by Charles VII, Loui grew up aware of the continued weakening of the French nation. He, therefore, despised his father and regarded him as a weakling. At 13, Loui was married to Margret of Scotland who was only 11. Louis looked much more mature than his bride, who was said to resemble a beautiful doll, and was treated like one by her in-laws. After the marriage, Margret continued her schooling and Loui went on a tour with his father to loyal areas of their kingdom. Wikipedia states that 

“Even at this time, Charles was taken aback by the intelligence and temper of his son.”

In 1440, Loui (16 years) participated in an uprising known as the Praguerie, which sought to kill Charles and crown Louis as the regent of France. However, the uprising failed and Louis was forced to submit to the king, who luckily forgave his son. But, four years later, Louis still argued with his father and:

“his objectionable scheming which included disrespectful behavior directed against his father’s beloved mistress Agnes Sorel, caused him to be ordered out of court on September 27, 1446 and send on his out province of Dauphine”. -Wikipedia 

Meanwhile, the beautiful and cultured Margaret was popular at the court of France, but her marriage to Louis was not a happy one and she died childless at the age of 20 in 1445. On February 14, 1451, Louis (who had been widowed for 6 years) made a marriage to the 8 year old Charlotte of Savoy, without Charles’ consent.

“This marriage would have long ranging effects on foreign policy as the beginning of French involvement in the affairs of the Italian peninsula”. -Wikipedia 

In 1461, Louis learned that his father was dying and he hurried to Reims to be crowned in case his brother (also named Charles) would try to do the same. Louis XI became King of France on July 25, 1461.

Louis pursued many of the same goals that his father had (despite their disagreements) such as limiting the powers of the dukes and barons of France, with consistently greater success. Among other initiatives, Louis instituted reforms to make the tax system more efficient. He also appointed to government service many men of no rank, but who had shown promising talent. One, if not the most significant contribution of Louis XI to the modern state of France was his development of the royal postal roads system. This system relays instant service to the king that is operated on all the high roads of France. It is spread across the whole of France and has gained the king the nickname “Universal Spider”. Instead of wearing the newest and most expensive clothing, Louis stuck to what the common fold wore and would hang around ordinary people and merchants. He developed his kingdom by the building and maintenance of roads and encouraging trade fairs. Some say Louis XI perfected the outline of the modern French Government, which would last until the French Revolution. Louis XI was very superstitious but was still very interested in science and he once pardoned a man who was sentenced to death only because the man had chosen to be a human guinea pig for the sake of science. In the August of 1483, Louis XI died, with his wife, Charlotte, dying a few months later. Louis was succeeded by his son Charles VIII who was only 13 and his eldest daughter, Anne of France, became a regent in memory of her father.

Western Civ 170

So, I was scrolling down my posts…..

So, I was scrolling down my posts and I found a short story that I can’t believe I wrote! I haven’t posted it in a while so here it is again!



This is just a story I made because I needed a break from my other story. It’s kinda ‘eh’ but you know. This’ll make you think twice when you go to the bathroom….that sounded weird. Anyway, enjoy.

Myra shivered. The thought of going on was too terrifying. She couldn’t move her feet. Her hands were super sweaty. Pull yourself together! No one is afraid of this! Only little kids. Come on! You’re 16! You can deal with this! She thought. She sighed and opened the door to the school bathroom. It was so dark, she almost decided to run away. But something kept her there, frozen in an instant of time. She reached for the light switch and flipped it on. The bathroom flooded with light and she went in. A small sun hug at the end of the bathroom wall. She quickly averted her eyes from it. She stopped at the mirror and stood there. She messed around with her hair and then messed around with her makeup. A stall door slammed shut. She jumped but still continued on. Oh! My mascara is smudged. Better fix that! She took her favorite mascara tube out of her purse and used it. She got real close to the mirror and carefully put on fresh blush. Another stall slammed behind her. Her hand slid down the side of her face, creating a streak of powder. She groaned and reached into her purse for makeup remover. She took out one little wipe and started to remove the streak. A sink faucet turned on. She stared at it. She saw the handle go from low to high. The second faucet turned on. Another stall slammed shut. She looked back to the mirror. It was vibrating. The third faucet turned on and another stall slammed shut. The fourth faucet turned on. Mist filled the room. I need to get out of here! She thought. She searched for her purse in the mist. She found it and headed for the door. She heard a sound. The most terrible sound. She heard the sound of the sun falling to the ground. The sound of it’s yellow colored metal hitting the tile, was a bone jarring explosion. Myra reached into her purse, grabbed her phone, and started to video. With one hand she tried to open the bathroom door. It was locked. What? This CAN’T be locked! It has no lock! She put her face to the door and yelled.

“Help! Help Me! The Door Is Locked!” She screamed. The bathroom fell into a hush. Everything was silent. The mist was still there, floating like a cloud. Myra clicked her phone off. She backed into a corner and closed her eyes and she slid down and huddled in the corner. She new what would happen next. She heard a girl scream.

“!dekcoL sI rooD ehT !eM pleH !pleH” Someone screamed. Myra heard the sound of a video starting. She heard the yellow sun sliding on the wall back up to it’s hook. Then she heard the sound of someone walking and then gathering items. She felt that the mist was gone and she heard the faucets turn off and the sound of the stalls being reopened. She heard a groan and the sound of a purse opening. Then she heard a few light footsteps, the light being turned off, and then silence. She opened her eyes and got up. She opened the bathroom door and walked back to her class. She knew what had happened. It always happens. Everyone’s to scared to talk about it. Their bathroom was haunted. And the ghost’s that lived there made sure that you would never forget your trips to the bathroom.

Too Confusing

If you’ve been following me for a while, you might remember the book I was writing. I’ve recently gone back to it and have noticed how confusing it is. I apologize. Either I was a genius who understood the elements of time and space perfectly, or I was a walnut and didn’t understand the complexity of the universe. I’m thinking of going back and rewriting the story a bit to make it less confusing. So, should I leave it alone or should I try to finish it up?

Know Who You Trust

“Why did Boccaccio have the first story teller invoke God?”

Boccaccio had the story teller invoke God to establish creditability in the story. He wanted to make it believable and relatable. In the first story, God was presented as judge and creator over the lives and well being of the people. At the end of the story, the story teller promised the people reading that God would hear them. This is a way to establish faith in God, yes, but also in the story teller himself. To trust the word of a man, you must also trust the man. The story teller used this to his advantage, claiming that God was the ruler and ultimate authority over all. However, the danger with trusting is, that if the man whom you trust is lying, you wouldn’t know. And if this man claims one thing and the people believe it to be true, but then claims another thing that is actually false–the people would still believe it to be true. Remember to know the person you trust, or it might lead you down a dark path.  

English 2: 160