Louis XI

“Discuss some of the significant aspects of the reign of Louis XI.”

Louis XI reigned from 1461 to 1483 as King of France, succeeding his father King Charles VII. As battles were won by Charles VII, Loui grew up aware of the continued weakening of the French nation. He, therefore, despised his father and regarded him as a weakling. At 13, Loui was married to Margret of Scotland who was only 11. Louis looked much more mature than his bride, who was said to resemble a beautiful doll, and was treated like one by her in-laws. After the marriage, Margret continued her schooling and Loui went on a tour with his father to loyal areas of their kingdom. Wikipedia states that 

“Even at this time, Charles was taken aback by the intelligence and temper of his son.”

In 1440, Loui (16 years) participated in an uprising known as the Praguerie, which sought to kill Charles and crown Louis as the regent of France. However, the uprising failed and Louis was forced to submit to the king, who luckily forgave his son. But, four years later, Louis still argued with his father and:

“his objectionable scheming which included disrespectful behavior directed against his father’s beloved mistress Agnes Sorel, caused him to be ordered out of court on September 27, 1446 and send on his out province of Dauphine”. -Wikipedia 

Meanwhile, the beautiful and cultured Margaret was popular at the court of France, but her marriage to Louis was not a happy one and she died childless at the age of 20 in 1445. On February 14, 1451, Louis (who had been widowed for 6 years) made a marriage to the 8 year old Charlotte of Savoy, without Charles’ consent.

“This marriage would have long ranging effects on foreign policy as the beginning of French involvement in the affairs of the Italian peninsula”. -Wikipedia 

In 1461, Louis learned that his father was dying and he hurried to Reims to be crowned in case his brother (also named Charles) would try to do the same. Louis XI became King of France on July 25, 1461.

Louis pursued many of the same goals that his father had (despite their disagreements) such as limiting the powers of the dukes and barons of France, with consistently greater success. Among other initiatives, Louis instituted reforms to make the tax system more efficient. He also appointed to government service many men of no rank, but who had shown promising talent. One, if not the most significant contribution of Louis XI to the modern state of France was his development of the royal postal roads system. This system relays instant service to the king that is operated on all the high roads of France. It is spread across the whole of France and has gained the king the nickname “Universal Spider”. Instead of wearing the newest and most expensive clothing, Louis stuck to what the common fold wore and would hang around ordinary people and merchants. He developed his kingdom by the building and maintenance of roads and encouraging trade fairs. Some say Louis XI perfected the outline of the modern French Government, which would last until the French Revolution. Louis XI was very superstitious but was still very interested in science and he once pardoned a man who was sentenced to death only because the man had chosen to be a human guinea pig for the sake of science. In the August of 1483, Louis XI died, with his wife, Charlotte, dying a few months later. Louis was succeeded by his son Charles VIII who was only 13 and his eldest daughter, Anne of France, became a regent in memory of her father.

Western Civ 170

So, I was scrolling down my posts…..

So, I was scrolling down my posts and I found a short story that I can’t believe I wrote! I haven’t posted it in a while so here it is again!



This is just a story I made because I needed a break from my other story. It’s kinda ‘eh’ but you know. This’ll make you think twice when you go to the bathroom….that sounded weird. Anyway, enjoy.

Myra shivered. The thought of going on was too terrifying. She couldn’t move her feet. Her hands were super sweaty. Pull yourself together! No one is afraid of this! Only little kids. Come on! You’re 16! You can deal with this! She thought. She sighed and opened the door to the school bathroom. It was so dark, she almost decided to run away. But something kept her there, frozen in an instant of time. She reached for the light switch and flipped it on. The bathroom flooded with light and she went in. A small sun hug at the end of the bathroom wall. She quickly averted her eyes from it. She stopped at the mirror and stood there. She messed around with her hair and then messed around with her makeup. A stall door slammed shut. She jumped but still continued on. Oh! My mascara is smudged. Better fix that! She took her favorite mascara tube out of her purse and used it. She got real close to the mirror and carefully put on fresh blush. Another stall slammed behind her. Her hand slid down the side of her face, creating a streak of powder. She groaned and reached into her purse for makeup remover. She took out one little wipe and started to remove the streak. A sink faucet turned on. She stared at it. She saw the handle go from low to high. The second faucet turned on. Another stall slammed shut. She looked back to the mirror. It was vibrating. The third faucet turned on and another stall slammed shut. The fourth faucet turned on. Mist filled the room. I need to get out of here! She thought. She searched for her purse in the mist. She found it and headed for the door. She heard a sound. The most terrible sound. She heard the sound of the sun falling to the ground. The sound of it’s yellow colored metal hitting the tile, was a bone jarring explosion. Myra reached into her purse, grabbed her phone, and started to video. With one hand she tried to open the bathroom door. It was locked. What? This CAN’T be locked! It has no lock! She put her face to the door and yelled.

“Help! Help Me! The Door Is Locked!” She screamed. The bathroom fell into a hush. Everything was silent. The mist was still there, floating like a cloud. Myra clicked her phone off. She backed into a corner and closed her eyes and she slid down and huddled in the corner. She new what would happen next. She heard a girl scream.

“!dekcoL sI rooD ehT !eM pleH !pleH” Someone screamed. Myra heard the sound of a video starting. She heard the yellow sun sliding on the wall back up to it’s hook. Then she heard the sound of someone walking and then gathering items. She felt that the mist was gone and she heard the faucets turn off and the sound of the stalls being reopened. She heard a groan and the sound of a purse opening. Then she heard a few light footsteps, the light being turned off, and then silence. She opened her eyes and got up. She opened the bathroom door and walked back to her class. She knew what had happened. It always happens. Everyone’s to scared to talk about it. Their bathroom was haunted. And the ghost’s that lived there made sure that you would never forget your trips to the bathroom.

Too Confusing

If you’ve been following me for a while, you might remember the book I was writing. I’ve recently gone back to it and have noticed how confusing it is. I apologize. Either I was a genius who understood the elements of time and space perfectly, or I was a walnut and didn’t understand the complexity of the universe. I’m thinking of going back and rewriting the story a bit to make it less confusing. So, should I leave it alone or should I try to finish it up?

Know Who You Trust

“Why did Boccaccio have the first story teller invoke God?”

Boccaccio had the story teller invoke God to establish creditability in the story. He wanted to make it believable and relatable. In the first story, God was presented as judge and creator over the lives and well being of the people. At the end of the story, the story teller promised the people reading that God would hear them. This is a way to establish faith in God, yes, but also in the story teller himself. To trust the word of a man, you must also trust the man. The story teller used this to his advantage, claiming that God was the ruler and ultimate authority over all. However, the danger with trusting is, that if the man whom you trust is lying, you wouldn’t know. And if this man claims one thing and the people believe it to be true, but then claims another thing that is actually false–the people would still believe it to be true. Remember to know the person you trust, or it might lead you down a dark path.  

English 2: 160

To Praise a Conman, is to Worship a Fool

 “What points is Erasmus making in the excerpt you read from The Praise of Folly?”

The point Erasmus is making is that the people that others praise are not worthy of praise at all. He talked about how the merchants were praised for having money, but the only reason they have so much of it is because they cheat, lie, and steal from the public. He talked about how the monks and religious folk, that claim to be saints, couldn’t be farther from the title.

When you look at the world of the past and then the present, you learn that not much has changed, as much as the world would like you to believe different. In truth, we are not so different from the people of these stories. Business men can lie and cheat their way around anything and claim it’s ‘just business’. Scientists can test on animals and humans without proper reason and claim it’s ‘in the name of science’. Catholics and other religious folk can bad mouth others and claim to be perfect because they’re ‘a saint’ or ‘a pope’. But we all know this is wrong. So why do we keep doing it? Could it be because we can? Maybe it’s because it makes us feel better. Or maybe it’s because we’re all just trying to get by and some people think they have to be a certain way in order to have success. 

Western Civ. 165

“I like this story. ANOTHER!”

“Which do you think was more gripping to read? His account of the plague or his stories?”

The man in question is Giovanni Boccaccio and I think it was more gripping and exciting to read about the plague. Although we don’t have any real proof that he was there, we certainly can gather from his writings that he had a good idea of it. He captured what it might’ve been like as a survivor of the plague and it was truly interesting. However, his stories were also good. They were intriguing and made you question his motives. And if that was the intent, then he certainly did a good job of it. 

English 2: 165


Early Renaissance Art Work

“Briefly discuss three artists from the early Renaissance, as well as one major work for each.”

Our history lesson begins with the Florence Baptistry. There was a competition for the painting of the Florence Baptistery doors in the early Renaissance. Many artists were given a chance to proove themselves, but only a handful were chosen for the final product. Three of which were Lorenzo Ghiberti (Lore-en-zo Gib-er-tea), Filippo Brunelleschi (Phil-lip-poe Broon-all-es-key), and Donatello (Donna-tell-oh). Ghiberti won the contest and he created a scene out of sheets of bronze. Here’s a photo:

Image result for florence baptistery east doors ghiberti

Ghiberti designed 28 panels and another set of doors, one set with old testament themes and the other with new testament themes. In total, it took 20 years for him to complete everything and Michelangelo described Ghiberti’s work as the ‘Gates of Paradise’. 


The next artist we shall look at is Donatello. Donatello went on to create the David statue, inspired by Ancient Rome and the Roman Ruins. One of the things that made this statue unique, was that you could walk all the way around it. It wasn’t fixed to the wall or inside a canvas. It was also very specific to the way a real human would look, not picture perfect like everyone would imagine David looking. Donatello meant to display a deeper meaning of this statue by presenting David as naked, and not covered in armor. His message was that, in the Bible, David’s armor is God. Florence was a parallel of David, as the city was protected by God and her enemies were stricken down. Donatello made many more statues that were very life like and not something you’d want to portray yourself as. I will not be showing a picture of his David statue on this blog, but you may see it for yourself by following this link:

Donatello’s David

The final artist we shall look at today that made their mark in the early Renaissance is Filippo Brunelleschi. After failing to win the chance to sculpt the Florence Baptistery doors, Brunelleschi became a great architect of the Renaissance figures. Through his life, Brunelleschi was claimed a technical and mathematical genius, and developed a method of drawing with mathematical equations. He is most well known for his work on the Florence Cathedral, to which he contributed the large, expansive dome topping the whole thing off. Everyone was amazed at his success and the sheer magnitude of the dome itself. It took most of Brunelleschi life but in the end, the accomplishment was and is legendary. The inside of the dome was painted by Brunelleschi and two other painters, Vasari (Vah-sar-he) and Zuccaro (Zoo-car-roh) . Here’s a picture of the exterior:

Image result for Florence Cathedral dome

And now for the interior:

Image result for florence cathedral dome interior



Western Civ. 160