What Is Done Cannot Be Undone

“Was Lady Macbeth correct? ‘What’s done is done.'”

The simple answer is yes. But you don’t want the simple answer do you? Nah, you’d rather read a few paragraphs explaining why the answer is yes. So, I’ll give it to you! Why? Supply and demand, my friend, supply and demand. 

“What’s done is done” or more specifically, “What is done cannot be undone” is a phrase that Lady Macbeth used quite often in the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare. It is Lady Macbeth’s way of saying, “You can’t change the past”. In her life she went through some horrific stuff, though most of it was of her own doing. She either failed to recognize that she could correct her mistake and decided to keep on rolling, or she decided that there wasn’t a way to fix the past and decided to keep on rolling. Either way, she decided to keep on rolling. In some ways during the play, she was correct. Like when people died. You cannot change that, no matter what anyone tells you. The dead stay dead (or they come back to haunt you). 

In conclusion, you cannot change the past and usually, if it is drastic, you cannot fix your mistakes. That’s not to say that you shouldn’t try though. So, Lady Macbeth was correct in using this phrase. 

English 3, Lesson 40



“What is constitutionalism?”

Constitutionalism. When you read that word, something popped into your head. And while it may be what we are talking about, I’d better give you some context. Constitutionalism is the act of making sure that the government’s authority comes from some fundamental law. It also counts for making sure that the king’s powers are limited to a point. In America, we have the United States constitution, and while it is the oldest long-lasting document that is abided by in the world, that doesn’t necessarily mean that constitutionalism has to involve a written constitution. It can be anything from a group of people to a piece of paper, it just needs to be a law. It supports sovereignty, not in the king or government, but in the people. In this case, someone or something that doesn’t have to answer to anyone else is sovereign. For example, the United States is a sovereign nation because it doesn’t have to answer to the other nations of the world. I’m not saying that it won’t respond to a call, but if Canada tries to command the U.S to do something, the U.S doesn’t have to do it. But if the rules in the Constitution are defied, the people have the right to overrule the government and king if needed. That is what constitutionalism is; the act of limiting a government’s power to an extent, so that they don’t go mad with power. 

Western Civ. 2, Lesson 35

Your Family Tree Is The Key

 “By analyzing the history of certain conditions in both your family and your spouse’s family, it is possible to predict the probability of your child having certain conditions and characteristics?”  

If you take a look at your family tree, you will see traits passed down from generation to generation. Some of the traits are a certain hair color, a crooked nose, or a set of freckles that mimic the Big Dipper. You might find yourself wondering why your Great Uncle Loui has a crooked nose, but not his son. Or perhaps you find that you’ve always been curious about how you have bright brown hair, while your sister has black. It all boils down to genetics and your family tree. See, when you are born, you are literally a miracle. I won’t go into detail about why because it’ll take way too long but trust me on this, the fact that you’re alive is a scientific miracle. In fact, your body is a miracle! All of your muscles working together in harmony for one simple task, suck as scratching your nose or chewing your food. Sorry, I’m getting off topic–where was I? Oh! Yes, the family tree. How do I explain this without you getting lost? Ok, everyone has dominant and recessive genes, and whatever combination of the two (or one), results in you having a certain quality. If two brunettes had a child, their child would most likely be a brunette. Why? Because the color brown is a dominant gene. If a blonde married a brunette, their child would have a 1 in 4 chance of having blonde hair. Why? Because the color blonde is a recessive gene. This circles back to the question in the beginning. If you married a blonde and you are a blonde, your child will most likely be blonde. You can predict what hair color or certain trait your child might have by looking at yourself and your spouse. It would make a pretty fun evening game, trying to guess what your child will look like, I bet somewhere, people do it. 

Rev. Biology, Lesson 30

Work The Plow, Reap The Benefits

“On what grounds does Locke believe people can establish a claim to property ownership over a previously unowned good?”

On what grounds does Locke believe that it is ok for people to claim that they own something that doesn’t belong to anyone? On the grounds that if you make an imprint upon the thing you want to claim, that it is indeed yours. Let me explain. Say you saw a field and thought, “That would be a perfect place to start up the farm I’ve wanted since I was a child!”. So you go to the records office (or google or whatever) and find that it is in fact not owned by anyone! You jump for joy! Packing up all of your things, you move to a house, closer to the field you have now claimed as your own. But, wait! You are suddenly struck with a horrible thought. If someone else comes along and wants the field, there’s legally nothing wrong with that person taking it from you! You need to make this property yours, you need to make sure no one takes it away from you, you need—-an imprint. And you so you start building. First you build a house for your family to move into on the property. Then you build a gigantic barn so people can see it from the streets. And finally, you fence in your property with a nice, large, white picket fence. You now live upon that there field! No one can take it now! And for extra measure, you plant many flowers and vegetables in the ground so that you can say that you eat from the dirt of the field. Now you’ve made an imprint on the field; now it’s yours. And by Locke’s standards and beliefs, you can sell that field for a pretty penny now that you’ve claimed it, but you won’t just yet. You want to enjoy the benefits of living your childhood dream. And the man who would’ve claimed your field salutes to you from outside of your gate. It seems he chose the lot on the other side of the country road. You smile and wave back—you’ll worry about him tomorrow.

The point of that story was to show you that Locke believed that if you found something unowned and imprinted on it, you could claim it as your own. While the original person who bought the land still had to work for it, when they sold it off, the new owner wouldn’t have to work to claim it as his own because he already bought it. Everything now days is owned by somebody. But wouldn’t it be nice to find a big open field and claim it as your own?

Western Civ 2, Lesson 30



“Someone sneaks up behind you and shouts, “Boo!” For a few seconds your heart beats faster. You did not run or do any physical activity that would increase your heart rate. What caused your heart to beat so fast?”

The answer is quite simple and you might know it already. When you are scared, surprised, and/or shaken up–it can trigger something called Epinephrine. This is more commonly known as Adrenaline. In those few precious moments in which the adrenaline is running through your body, you are most likely numb or excited. Let’s dive a little deeper.

The body produces Epinephrine and Epinephrine causes one of two things to happen. You either have a sudden urge to jump back and start running or your natural reflexes kick in and you find yourself in a position that is sufficient to protect your body and/or the people around you. This is called a ‘Fight or Flight’ response. If you’ve ever been scared, you might jump back with one foot facing the route you might take to escape, balancing your weight upon your feet, so it might be easier to run. This represents the ‘Flight’ response. If you’ve ever been surprised, you might take a sharp intake of breath, let out a shout, and curl your hands into fists. This represents the ‘Fight’ response. Your heart beats faster with the Epinephrine pumping through it, thus the giant thumping in your ears. 

A few months ago, I accidentally crashed a four-wheeler-like vehicle into a ditch on the side of the road, which lead into the woods. I was thrown front the front of the vehicle and into the woods. When I recovered, I stood up and immediately noticed that my legs and arms were numb. I was surprised to discover that not only were they numb, but I could feel a steady pain in each of my limbs. I knew I hadn’t broken anything which is why I was extraordinarily confused and started to panic and thought that I was more injured than I felt. My friend, who was with me and knew exactly what was going on, said that it was the adrenaline pumping through my body and that it would pass. I was experiencing the type of Epinephrine that comes from when you’re all shaken up and your body is just as confused as you are. My body eventually calmed down and my friend and I got back on the road.

In conclusion, Adrenaline causes your heart to thump so widely when you get scared. It also isn’t something to be afraid of if you haven’t experienced it majorly. Trust me, it can and will save your life one day.

Rev. Biology, Lesson 20


Deals At Crossroads Never End Well

“Why has this theme (making deals with crossroads demons/the devil himself) remained popular since 1587?”

*Please note that the people in the story are fiction and you should not try any of the stunts pulled by them* 

**I am not responsible for any souls that you may sell and should not be held accountable**

***Please do not do any of this, it isn’t worth it***

A woman trying to find her place in the world only to be told to stay in her place. A young man working late nights trying to pay off his student loan. A mother trying to provide for a family of 3, without a husband. A father doing hard work in harsh conditions, just so his family will have something to eat. A young woman standing in a darkened apartment with a paper in her hands that demands money she doesn’t have. Maybe you need to imagine the desperate pleas for help from these lost souls–and maybe you don’t. All of these people would give anything to change their situations….

Imagine if someone knocked on the door of the young woman’s apartment and told her that they could give her exactly what she wanted, for little to no cost. Would she not jump at the opportunity? What if someone approached the father and offered him 10 years of solid wealth for his family to live off of, for just a small fee? Would he not jump for joy and offer to pay up front? What about the woman? If someone offered her a shortcut to the top, would she not grasp their hand and beg them to tell her the secret? What of the mother? Would she not break down in tears of joy when she heard that there was another way to provide for her family that wouldn’t involve pushing each other to the breaking point? The answer is yes. Of course. These people would give anything to get out of their situation and a deal with a demon offers just that. Depending on the type of deal and demon, these people could get 10+ years of anything they wanted, for the simple price of their soul. Doesn’t sound too bad right? Who needs a soul? Keep reading, it gets better. At midnight on the designated date, when their deals are up, these people’s souls are taken down to Hell where they are tortured for eternity. Yeah, doesn’t sound so good does it? What’s 10+ years of pure good luck in the face of an eternity of literal Hell? Of course, the demons making the deal wouldn’t advertise what would happen after 10+ years. No, they would just want to focus on the persons deepest ambitions. Let’s take the man for example. A hard working father would want nothing more than to see his family cared for in the best way possible. So for 10+ years he and his family would prosper greatly. Then when it starts to get a few years closer to the final date, he starts to worry–not too much, but enough. Then it becomes a few months…. then weeks….. then days. By this time, this man is on his knees begging the demon not to take his soul. “I’m not ready!”, he shouts, “I need more time!”. But the demon only laughs,”Till midnight”, they say with a wicked smirk. And at midnight, his one way ticket on the highway to hell is exchanged for the man’s soul. His family never knew what happened to him that night. The mother had just reserved a room in the best Psychiatric Hospital in the state. She was planning on putting him in there until he calmed down, because all he could talk about was a ‘deal with a demon’, how wrong he was to ‘sell his soul’ and how he ‘wished he knew what the real cost was’. 

I think this theme has remained popular because everyone wants an escape. Everyone want’s the easy way to their dreams. Wether it be for fame, glory, money, or people, I think demon deals will always be a popular subject in the fiction field. I just hope no one is stupid enough to try it in real life. 

English 3, Lesson 30





“Is the language of Foxe still compelling today?”

Yes. Of course, yes it is! His wording is so powerful, it takes you to a place where you cannot believe. It’s incredible beauty paints a picture of elegance and grace that merges with fear and torment. Like watching your favorite movie, his words take you upon journey that you can’t help but fall into. The magnificence, the pure genius in his writings that perfectly capture the story that you’re reading is a treat! The stories he tells are so moving and inspiring, they leave you gasping for breath and crying tears of sadness. He describes the clothes of the people he’s writing about. He grabs your hand and runs with you into another time, as he intricately describes the events as they play out. He captivates the motion and the fierceness of the people. He controls what you feel, and he keeps you on the edge of your seat, hungry for more. I, a simple naive student, neglected to read the stories until the very last minute, and I am sad that I did. I was afraid of what I might read, scared to experience something different or new. How wrong was I. Now, I feel terrible about what I did, and only wish that I could go back in time and read it when I was required to. I know that if the teenagers of today, my generation, could just give this book a chance, they would be enchanted also. So in conclusion, yes, the language of Foxe is still very compelling today.

English 3, Lesson 20