“Based on the video and on your reading, what were the effects on Europe of the Black Death?”
Everyone knows about the Black Death. But how did it start? Ships coming back from places like Central Asia and going places like Europe, carried fleas that had a certain disease. Now, the natives to Central Asia weren’t affected by this disease because they had built up an immunity to it. But Europeans didn’t. The fleas jumped on the rats and infected them. Once back in Europe, the rats went out into their new feeding ground. The Black Death was separated into two different plagues. The bubonic plague and the pneumonic plague. The bubonic plague was spread through rats and fleas. The fleas would jump onto humans and infect them, while the rats would run through the sewers and such, infecting in ways they could. The pneumonic plague was airborne and spread through coughing and sneezing. Basically, if you sneezed, you were most likely going to die. I wouldn’t be surprised if you sneezed and/or coughed and immediately got shot in the head. I’m sure you’ve heard the phrase, “Eat, drink, and be merry”. Well, it turned into, “Eat, drink, and be merry, for tomorrow we die”. Yeah. Happy. According to Wikipedia,
“Spreading throughout the Mediterranean and Europe, the Black Death is estimated to have killed 30–60% of Europe’s total population.” -Wikipedia
Overall, the Black Death may have diminished the worlds population from about 450 million to 350-375 million in the 14th century. The world didn’t fully recover from it until the 17th century.
Western Civ. 145