“Describe the ninth- and tenth-century invasions. Apart from the physical destruction involved, how did they affect life in the West?”
People lived in fear of being invaded, and when the invasions came close to where they were, they knew not to fight back. Most of them hid in their homes and hoped to be spared. Those who stood up and tried to fight back, were usually used to teach the nearby cities a lesson. By that I mean, the rebels were severely punished–I’ll let your imagination run with that one. I would imagine that the people would be scared to leave their homes. Or the city would be afraid to appear prosperous, in fear of being invaded.
Western Civ. 100