Hello! Guess who I’m doing an essay on? Abraham Lincoln! Yay! He is like the first president you learn as a 1st grader besides the ‘George Washington Cherry Tree’ story. I have my doubts about that story……..and the movies these days really put a twist on things…I wonder if Abe Lincoln ever really killed a zombie…or if the cherry tree story was just made up to get kids to stop lying….hmm…I never really got that story….WAIT! Does that mean that I need to go back to 1st grade?! NOOOOOO! Actually that wouldn’t be that bad, I would be the smartest kid in class and the tallest so no bullying…yeah, why am I complaining? They get snacks! It’s apart of the schedule! You have to eat snacks! And it’s apart of your daily routine to play with blocks and take 1+1 tests! No grammar! Man, why couldn’t I be more littler? 🙂 Ok, so let’s get into Abraham Lincolns life!
Abraham Lincoln was born in 1809 in Kentucky to Thomas and Nancy Lincoln, a rich farm family. In 1816 they were forced to leave when his father lost the land in a legal dispute, and they moved to Indiana. Lincoln grew up in the non-slavery area of Indiana and was admitted to the bar in Illinois in 1836. In Illinois, he grew strong because of all the frontier work he had to do. He was known in the town for his strength and his brawn and size. He moved out of his fathers house at the age of twenty-one and started working on a flatboat, taking goods up and down the Mississippi river. He also worked as a partnership in a local shop but after a few years when the store was going down hill, he sold his share and quit. He self-taught himself to read and write and even taught himself law in his twenty’s. He won a seat in the state legistlator in 1834 and was elected to the bar in 1836. His logical arguments and size made him a perfect fit for his job. He met a woman named Mary Todd and they planned to get married in 1841 but broke the engaement until re-meeting in 1842. They married right after and had four kids, only one of which named Robert, survived to adulthood. He served a term in congress in 1846 then went back to Illinois. He returned to politics in 1854 to help build up the Republicans state. Lincoln became famous for speeches, one of the most famous was the House Divided speech. I will now quote a quote from the speech. Quote
“A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure, permanently, half slave and half free. I do not expect the union to be dissolved. I do not expect the house to fall, but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in the course of ultimate extinction; or its advocates will push it forward, till it shall become lawful in all the States, old as well as new, North as well as South.”
End quote. The speech established distance between Lincoln and Senator Stephen Douglas, and provided vision for Lincolns future. At the time, Lincoln was just barely known where Douglas was very popular. Basically Lincoln was like a rock and Douglas was basically a diamond. Lincolns cause and main goal was to free the slaves. In 1858 the Lincoln-Douglas debates took place. The Main issue discussed in all the debates was slavery. Meanwhile, newspapers took sides, making their favorite canidit look wonderful and the other look sloppy. In the end Lincoln lost the election but he gained national recognition. A book was published about the debates and it won Lincoln republican nomination. He was considered a modirate and won the presidency mainly because of the north and west sides. He really had no strong opinion wether he was for or against abolition. He made a speech directed to the southern states and I quote,
“I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.”
End quote. After a confederate attack in 1861, Lincoln turned his full attention to reuniting the states. Lincoln imidiatly arrested many along the border without trial, locked them up in prison and lift them there. He avoided the British entering the Civil War when he cleaned up the Trent Affair in late 1861. Unlike others before him, Lincoln welcomed war, as he studied up on war stradiges he became a very good startigist and ran the country better than some of his generals could run the war. In the Emancipation Proclamation, for the first time, Lincoln strongly supported abolition. In 1863 the freed slaves joined the war. Lincoln made his famous Gettysburg Address which was a very short speech. Most of the people who spoke had long speeches but he only had a three minute speech. In favor of his speech, he was re-elected in March of 1865. He got to celebrate the end of the war in April and at the theater he was shot in the head by John Wilks Booth. Abraham Lincoln died in the morning of April 15, 1865 and was buried in Springfield, Illinois.