The Ninety-Five Theses

What were the Ninety-Five Theses about? What was the basic message of Luther’s complaint?

The Ninety-Five Theses were a series of notes posted on the door way of the Catholic Church one night in 1517 by Martin Luther. The Theses weren’t about just one thing, the were about multiple. The first few Theses were about,

“repentance as the Christian’s inner struggle with sin rather than the external system of sacramental confession” -Wikipedia

The next few were about how the pope cannot forgive people of sins, only God can. In Theses 14-29, Luther discusses Purgatory and disproves the churches pervious thoughts. In Theses 41-47, he speaks of the way Christians should be taught. As a whole, the Theses were about the truth on the matter of Christianity. Martin Luther was disproving all of the lies that the church had spat out. I believe the basic message of Luther’s complaint was this; what you believe is wrong and you have no authority to do the things you do.

Western Civ 2, Lesson 5



“Do you think that Luther really believed that Pope Leo X did not know what the indulgence salesmen were saying?”

Let me clear things up a bit before we start answering the question presented before us. The subject we are discussing is the matter of the Ninety-Five Theses. An ‘indulgence’ is a payment Catholics made to the church/pope in order to no go to Purgatory when they died. ‘Indulgence Salsemen’ were just people who sold them. Pope Leo X liked getting a profit for the indulgences. While I cannot recall what the indulgence salesmen were saying, I can say that I don’t think that (Martin) Luther believed Pope Leo X didn’t know what they were saying. How can I know this when I don’t even remember what the salesmen were saying in the first place? Well, while Luther wasn’t trying to attack the pope in his Theses, that doesn’t mean he fully trusted him. Luther knew the church was corrupt at the time, therefore, why would you trust a profit grabbing pope?

English 3, Lesson 5

The Forgotten Room

The door creaks open as small tornados of dust swirl around a persons feet. The darkened figure walks over the rotted wooden floor….

The wood groans under the figure’s light steps…

A hand reaches up to pull open the curtains and a streak of golden sunlight streams into the room, casting shadows upon the walls….

The figure emits a small cough as the dust clouds their lungs. A small mouse runs away from the figure, as they walk over to a forgotten desk, where a small computer lay, covered in layers of dust….

Wiping a hand over the desktop, the figure sits down in an old, but comfortable chair, behind the desk. Straightening up, they open the computer…..

The figure’s breathing quickens as they chuckle and say, “Here we go, again.”….

They get into position, hold their breath, and click a small button on the computer…..

It roars to life.

And with a humorous sigh, the figure begins to work on stories long forgotten and people lost by time….


English 2: 180

“Are Boccaccio’s Decameron and Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales closer in outlook to Greek and Roman literature than they are to Hebrew, Christian, and medieval literature?”

ALRIGHT! Before we get into the question, I just want to say, this has been my toughest year for essays and I’m sorry if they aren’t as good as you’d expect. But, I’m not much of a writer and I had a crazy week last week. So, here we go!!!

Let’s go back to our roots. Let’s go back to a simpler time. A different time. A better time (maybe). Let’s do this. 

How about we rephrase the question. Do these two books better represent Greek and Roman writing or Hebrew, Christian, and medieval writing? I think the Decameron and Canterbury Tales reflected more upon Roman and Greek literature than the other. Why? Because although the stories involved some Hebrew, Christian, and medieval elements (popes, sacrifices, worshipping gods), I feel as though it relied more on a Roman and Greek perspective. It’s like reading a book by a southerner and you’re not a southerner but they keep using so many southern labels for everything and you understand it—-but just not as good as a southerner would. You know what I’m saying? The stories that involved Christianity were all twisted. The church was corrupt and not respected in the way that it should be. As for the popes, their claimed ‘miracles’ ironically seemed to good to be true. Almost like it was told from the point of view someone who wasn’t in the know to know. You know? Like they complied the story of what they thought these people would act like and decided to write about that than actual fact. Actually, a lot of people do this. You’d be surprised how many of your favorite authors spout ‘facts’ that they’ve made up. It just goes to show that you shouldn’t believe everything you read. Unless it’s fact. Then you can believe it. Anyway, the stories weren’t meant to give you hope. They were meant to be ‘real’. As in, brutally honest to what they think is going to happen to you if you do a certain thing and if you live a certain way. For example, if you die before confessing all of your sins, you will go to Purgatory to atone for them. Romans were really brutal and worshipped false idols AKA the Roman gods. The Greeks did also. We all know the Greek names of the gods, don’t we? Well, we at least know all of the important ones. Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Athena, Ares, Apollo, Artemis, Hephaestus, and Aphrodite–to name a few. And of course, how can we forget their Roman counterparts? In order, they are Jupiter, Pluto, Neptune, Juno, Minerva, Mars, Apollo, Diana, Vulcan, and Venus. The reason there are different counterparts to the gods is because, while originally Greek, the Romans decided to make the gods better and reformed them in the image of war and gave them a strict-like air. Like how Athena is the goddess of Wisdom in her Greek form, but is the goddess of War as Minerva. That isn’t to say that Athena isn’t a war goddess and that Minerva isn’t a wisdom goddess. It just means that one side is greater than the other. Ok, this is getting a little too complicated. So, getting back on track, the Greeks and Romans worshipped different-but-the-same gods. How these gods and goddesses acted reflected how the people acted. *The Greeks might be more relaxed than the Romans. **The Romans might be better soldiers than the Greeks. The point is, they only had a certain religion to serve. So why would all of these books include stories about different religions? Why not have all of the books focus on one thing if it reflects Greek and Roman, rather than Hebrew, Christian, and medieval? I’m asking more questions than I am giving answers. Alright, these stories are brutally honest and a bit silly, like Roman and Greek literature. But they are also teaching lessons (all be it weird ones) and trying to teach how to live like Hebrew, Christian, and medieval literature. I mean, the stories are wrong and if you try to live by them you’ll be miserable, but they’re still stories. Even the stories that seem to have no meaning always have a lesson. And like Snow White, the lesson is to not do what they did. And that brings us back to the question: Do these two books filled with stories reflect more upon the Roman and Greek side of literature or the Hebrew, Christian and medieval sides? My answer is as it was before, it reflects more upon the Roman and Greek side of things. Because, although it did involve different religions and things that the Romans and Greeks wouldn’t normally be associated with, it wasn’t the stories themselves, more of the writing. It had no hope. I’m not saying that the Romans and Greeks had no hope—-well, yes I am. Look, when God created us, he gave us a choice of free will. We can choose to follow God or not. But the fact is we all have a void in our souls. We constantly try to fill it with entertainment, drama, romance–anything. That void is the absence of God in your life. It doesn’t matter if you’re an Atheist or a Christian or apart of some other religion, you know there is a higher being. That’s why the Romans and Greeks made up the gods and goddess and all of that stuff. Because, in their minds, that is how creation was formed and that is their purpose. To serve unforgiving gods who do nothing but demand the worship of their followers. That is why they have no hope. Because they know, deep down, that it’s all a mere mortals dream. The sad part is that God would welcome them in with open arms, if only they would ask. 

*I’m saying ‘might’, this is not a fact




What If I Can’t?

Ok. This is it. The final Essay. I have to do good on this. 

And you will, don’t worry.

Easy for you to say, you’re just my conscience 

Why would that make a difference? I’m helping you out by providing valuable intel about the subject, which I get from pulling information from your memories. Honestly, I have the bigger job here.

I guess so. It’s just–

Here we go.

What if it isn’t good?

What do you mean?

Like, what if I mess it up or get my facts wrong?

Ok. If you get your facts wrong, you correct them. Simple. Now, start. 

Wait, wait, wait. What if I don’t know I got my facts wrong and I lead a bunch of readers astray?

That isn’t your fault. Everyone knows not to believe everything they read. 

But what if someone corrects me?

If someone corrects you, you check their sources, see if their correct, and if they are, you fix your mistake. Easy. 

What if they’re the ones who are wrong?

Then you either kindly point out where they are wrong, or you thank them for their input and go on your way. Now, write.

I’m pretty thirsty, I’m going to get a drink.

There’s a drink right next to you. You grabbed it when you passed the counter.

Oh, yeah…..Well, I have to go to the bathroom.

Okay, stop making excuses. Why won’t you finish the essay?

I think I have a headache. 



Your procrastination is getting out of hand.

Is not.

I’m not going to argue with you, go to the next tab on your computer and finish the freaking essay.


Why Not?

What if I can’t?

Can’t what?

What if I can’t come up with enough words? What if I can’t think of anything to say? What if I don’t make a good grade on it? What if I don’t give enough information? What if–

Okay, okay, stop. All of these excuses would be valid, if not for one thing.

What’s that?

You can. You are fully able. You did so this entire year. So start. It’s okay to mess up, you can just delete the sentence and start over again. So stop worrying, go to the next tab, and finish your year strong.




“The Earth Is Flat.” Wait, what?

“What is the truth of the matter regarding the claim that people in the Middle Ages thought the earth was flat?”

You want the truth? YOU CAN’T HANDLE THE TRUTH!

I kid, I kid. The truth is that no one believed the earth was flat. No one. And yet, that’s what we were taught growing up. Our little impressionable minds were taught that the Europeans didn’t want Christopher Columbus to fall off the side of the world, so they tried to keep him from leaving. You know, to save his life! Aww, how sweet and innocent those poor Europeans were. Yeah–no. That’s not what happened. Actually, they knew the world was spherical because a philosopher proved it to be so. So, how did the myth come about? A few people claimed, by the work of so called ‘famous and well respected’ men, that everyone believed the world was flat. Eventually the thought caught on and men who actually had followers and a lot of respect claimed the idea was true. And the people started believing. But, keep in mind, this is way past the time of Columbus. People did eventually believe the world was flat–but only because it was shoved down their throats, and no one bothered to do any research. And that’s how the myth is now in most student textbooks. The sad thing is, that even with the availability to research at our fingertips, we’d rather just look at some words on a piece of paper (or screen) and believe it to be true. I fell for the myth all my life–that is until I watched lesson 177 in the Western Civilization on the Ron Paul Curriculum. And since I’ve now finished the first part of the course, I’m looking forward to the second part.

Western Civ. 180

What To Expect While Taking The SAT

I’ve taken the SAT test twice now, just because I can. And my experience has been different both times. So, wether you’re taking the test for the first time or you just want to see someone else’s experience, please enjoy (also, this is for the SAT with/without Essay. I’ve never taken the subject test SAT so you’re alone on that one. Good luck). 

Before you head out to your SAT test, here are some things that you will definitely need. 

-An Approved Calculator AKA Texas Instrument Calculator (if you can manage it. More on this later) 

-Admission Ticket

-Student ID

-Two Number Two Pencils (no pens or mechanical pencils allowed. The teachers will check and they will take up your pen/mechanical pencil.)

-If you get nervous or thirsty during tests, bring a small water bottle. 

-If you think you will get hungry during the break, bring a pack of gummies or a stick of beef jerky. Don’t bring anything that’s noisy or messy because trust me, you’ll regret it. More on the breaks later.

-If you simply cannot hold all of the stuff you plan on bringing, bring a small bag. 

Alright, you’re all set! Time to hit the road! Just remember that there’s nothing you can do now to study and worrying about it will make your head explode. Just calm down and put on some relaxing music on your drive over to the building your taking your test in. It’s fine to be nervous, everyone is. Act like you know what you’re doing and no one will question it. 

So when you get there most of the students will stay in their cars until one brave student walks up to the doors. Or the parents drop the students off and their forced to wait awkwardly around and make their way slowly to the door while everyone watches them. So, the teachers open the doors and you wait in a line to show your Student ID and SAT Admission Ticket. Make sure to have them out, because while the teachers might be patient, the students behind you won’t be. The teacher might ask you if you’re doing the SAT with the Essay or the SAT subject test or just the plain old SAT. Respond accordingly and if you don’t know, just try to describe what you think you’re taking. Also, it should say on your paper. So, the teacher will direct you to a certain room and write the room number on your Ticket. If you’re lucky, they’ll point you in the right direction. While you’re traveling down the hallways, make sure you spy where the bathroom is, because you will definitely need to go. There should be a teacher at the door, waiting for you. If their not at the door, then they’ll be at their desk. Keep in mind that just because the teacher is in a certain room, that doesn’t mean that it’s their classroom. A lot of teachers feel as foreign as you do when in that classroom so don’t sweat it. And if you happen to be in your own school in a classroom that you’ve been in many times before, then awesome! That’s one less thing to worry about! Anyway, show the teacher your Admission Ticket and they will point you to a desk in the classroom. Go put your stuff down and if you need to sharpen your pencils, now would be an awesome time to do so. Trust me. You have until 8 a.m to get all of your stuff together. When you’re done sharpening your pencils sit down at your desk and observe your surroundings. Unless the teacher is talking, it’s a good rule not to start a conversation with anyone (as to not share secrets about the test I presume). Your classmates will be yawning and stretching and trying to get as much leg room as possible so beware–you will be yawning. If you brought a drink or some food, place it by your feet, under your desk. Turn off your phone and keep it under your desk. Sit perfectly still and recite Shakesphere. I kid, I kid. But if it helps your relax, feel free to do so. Actually, a good thing to do, would map your way to the bathroom. When it’s time to go, there’ll be a mob of students and you’ll have to rely on your legs to get you to the bathroom in time. Also, plan a map for the exit. There’ll be another mob for that too.  At 8 a.m there’ll be an announcement on the intercom welcoming you to your doom. The teacher will proceed to give you a bunch of instructions. These are worth paying attention to if you haven’t gone over the rules already. The teacher will proceed to make you turn off your phone, place your food and drink under your desk, and to clear off your desk of everything except your pencils. They will then give you your answer sheet and test booklet. You will go over the rules and write in special instructions and do various things before you actually start testing. The teacher will write the start and finish times on the board so you can know when you’re finishing and stopping. Now, if you have a laid back teacher, they might move on when everyone’s done, not when the time says to move on. They might skip the breaks if everyone wants to and you’ll probably get out of class early because of it. These teachers are the ones you want. My first year, our teacher was super laid back and her reasoning was legit. She said she didn’t want us to feel stressed because once, there was a girl who was so stressed on SAT day, that when they started to test, she broke down in tears and had to be removed from the premises. The teacher (let’s call her Mis. Recline) didn’t want that to happen to us, so she made jokes, told stories, and made my first SAT experience pretty not stressful. My second time, however, my teacher was different. Let’s call her Mis. Board…… because she made me super bored. Mis. Board was a teacher that went by the rules but didn’t really care. One of the things teachers are supposed to do when you get in the classroom, is make sure you have an approved calculator. Mis. Recline didn’t really care but Mis. Board flat out didn’t care. I had the crappiest, run of the mill calculator and Mis. Board let it pass. I don’t know why, but it definitely helped me. However, it isn’t always like this. One year, my brother had the strictest teacher, who would go around and inspect each and every calculator to make sure that it was approved. Anyway, when you get in, you can usually tell if your teacher is either a Mis. Board or a Mis. Recline or even a Mr. Cross. So, you start a long segment when you’re done will all of the intro stuff and after a long segment, there’s a 10 minute break. During this break, go to the bathroom. I am not kidding, there’s only (that I remember) one 10 minute break and this is it. So GO! Also, now would be the time to put the ‘mental map to the bathroom’ to work. When you get back, you’ll do a short segment and have a 2 minute break for snacks. That’s why you need to bring something small. Your breaks (aside from the first one) will be 2-5 minutes. If you have a Mis/Mr. Recline as your teacher, she/he will probably ask the class if they want to skip the break or take it anyway. Remember, skipping a break means getting out sooner. After the break, you’ll do another short segment and then do a second long segment. After that, you’ll have a 2-10 minute break (kinda depends) and then have your final short segment. If you’re doing the SAT with Essay, this is where you’d take the Essay segment. After everything is done (when the teacher dismisses you) pack up your stuff and get out of there.

Congratulations! You just finished the SAT with/without the Essay! Give yourself a pat on the back and get in your getaway car! I literally took the SAT without Essay 4 days ago so this stuff is pretty fresh in my mind. I hope I somehow helped!