How did a political assassination in June 1914 lead to a World War?
The assassination was of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on June 28, 1914. The assassination was, overal, greeted with relief. However, the people of Austria felt it was an opportunity to go on a revenge trip because of the death. That’s why it ultimately led to World War I. Think of it this way; picture a group of states in the United States of America. Someone from New York was killed in Texas. New York took offense, and got Georgia and Colorado to gang up on Texas. Texas defends itself using California and New Mexico. This is just an example, this is not true in any way. Well, I’m sure some New Yorkers have died in Texas but that’s besides the point. But yeah, that’s basically how a political assassination lead to World War I.
How have some historians argued that the peace settlement at the end of World War I helped pave the way for World War II?
Well, one of the rules in the peace treaty was for the lowering of weapons and decommission of submarines that would kill. But it was only for the Germans. Only the Germans had to decommission their submarines and weapons. So, that might’ve have something to do with it. With Germany up in such a huff (that they didn’t really get over) it was easy for Hitler to win them over and to get them on his side. So, that is what paved the way for World War II
Western Civ 2, Lesson 120
“Arthropoda is the largest phylum in the world. Should all of these creatures really be classified together under one group? Why or why not?”
Arthropoda describes the class of insects (both winged and land dwelling) and all arachnids. If you think that insects classify as just common flies, cockroaches, and ants, you would be gravely mistaken. Insects on our planet currently, include about 400,000 types of beetles, 20,000 types of bees, 3,500 types of mosquitos, 20,000 types of butterflies, 12,000 types of ants, 900 types of crickets—I could go on and on. There are a lot of insects and spider species and they all have different things in common. The question is should there be such a broad term for so many different creatures? I used to think not. So many different creatures under the same category? That’s so confusing! But it does make labeling easier, the public isn’t that interested in insects, and in general, they just want to get rid of them. Plus, as much as these Arthropoda have differences, they have similarities too! For example, they have all of their important organs on the top part of their bodies. Picture a person doing a crab walk, that’s how the inside of one of these little guys looks like. Although different in many ways, it all boils down to how they are created and how they act and look. So, after learning more about them, I’d agree that they all belong under the same category.
Biology Lesson 120
What does Professor McCloskey conclude regarding whether the average person in the West benefited from imperialism?
From the information that I gathered, Professor McCloskey’s contemplation was that if you weren’t white or didn’t have a job as a servant or maid, then you wouldn’t be benefited at all.
What factors contributed to the coming of World War I?
The coming of World War I had a lot of complicated and very detailed factors. I won’t bore you with the extensive background, but will give you the most simplistic answer I can think of. Russia went to war against Austria for the right of power. Austria wanted to be in charge of everyone and Russia wanted it to stay the way it was. Russia was backed up by Britain, France, and Italy, while Austria was backed up by Germany and Bulgaria. And it was kicked off by the assassination of a man and his wife.
Western Civ. 2, Lesson 115
-Introduction- 200 words
-Question Introduction- 250 words
-Talk on Optimism- 400 words
-Talk on the Theme of Optimism- 500 words
-Development of Optimism- 500 words
-Draw Everything Together- 300 words
-Conclusion- 300 words
-Bring a Subtle Running Gag to an End in a Very Well Placed Joke- 50 words
English 3, Lesson 110
“What was the Kulturkampf?”
The German Kulturkampf (literally meaning the cultural struggle) was an event brought to Germany by Otto Von Bismarck. It started off with Bismarck wanting to ‘hammer’ his new scattered empire into a single whole, keeping everyone in check. His empire was full of different currencies and different religions. Liberals wanted to work with Bismarck and supported his ideas. Bismarck’s main opponent during this time was the Center Party, a group formed to protect the rights of Catholics. Bismarck, being Lutheran, was very suspicious of them. And so, he took priests off of payroll, discontinued the Church’s supervision of schools, and required civil marriage. Priests and Bishops who protested could be imprisoned. Then, Bismarck passed the May laws. These laws gave responsibility for the training and appointment of clergies to the State. In 1872, Bismarck wanted to collaborate with other European powers to try to manipulate the papal elections. Luckily, he was turned down. At this time, Pope Pius the Ninth dies in 1878, and Bismarck retreats and seeks reconciliation with the Catholics. In 1887, Peace was officially called thanks to the new pope, Pope Leo XII.
“Discuss the arguments in favor of and against the British Empire in the two articles you read.“
Great Britain wanted to govern Africa. They couldn’t at first because of Malaria but after discovering a way to prevent it, they start to move in. Britain brought rail roads and education and power and law to Europe. This is very true and it’s a great accomplishment. However, the way they accomplished this feat, was very uncalled for and brutal. I won’t go into detail but they harmed, tortured, and sometimes even murdered the local residents to get what they wanted. This was covered up and the files that held this information were hidden away and some were even destroyed. It was only recently that, thanks to a group of Kenyan men who sued the British government on the basis of what they did, the files were released to the public. I guess the final decision is up to you. Should the British Empire be forgiven? Or should they be forever shamed for what they did?
Western Civ 2, Lesson 110
What is a chordate? How are vertebrates different from chordates?
Chordate’s are animals that have very specific characteristics. They have a structure called a Notochord which consists of a hollow nerve cord on the back, pharyngeal clefs, and a muscular tail. They probably sound like a lot of creatures you already know! In fact, we are Chordates! Embryo’s have a little tail when they are being created but it is absorbed and becomes the tail bone. The Notochord is a long flexible rod between the digestive tract and the hollow nerve cord. The hollow nerve cord is actually a dorsal fin! Most chordates have Pharyngeal Clefts. These are like little patches that are on the sides of the Pharynx (the area behind the head/neck and behind the mouth). These develop into gills for aquatic animals and into ears and a neck and head for land animals.
Vertebrates have very extensive skulls, and by extensive I mean very complex. Their backbones are made of vertebrae. The classification of different Vertebrates are largely based on the skull and backbone of the creature. Like Gnathostomes, which are vertebrates with hard jaws. Or Tetrapods, which are Vertebrates with four limbs or “four feet”.
Despite the differences between these two different categories of creatures, they have many things in common. All Vertebrates are Craniates and all Craniates are Chordates and all Chordates are animals!
Biology R. Lesson, 110
“What were the key steps in the process of German unification?”
Before German unification, Germany was a collection of lands held together loosely by the Holy Roman Empire. That is until a man named Otto Von Bismarck. He thought that Prussia was greater than all of the German lands, especially Austria. He tried to convince the other German lands that his Prussian views were what they wanted for all of the German lands. Bismarck became Prussian prime minister in 1862. In 1864, two lands called Schleswig and Holstein came together in rebelling against Denmark’s power over them. Bismarck declared war on Denmark in hoping that it would lead to conflict with Austria. Which it did. In 1866 Prussia and Austria went to war, which only lasted Seven Weeks. Prussia came out victorious! Bismarck required Austria to recognize the Northern German Confederation. Southern Germany still stood independent of Prussia. Then there was another war. And Southern Germany was conjoined with Northern Germany. And thus full German Unification was born.
“Discuss the significance of two of the major innovations of the Second Industrial Revolution.”
The Second Industrial Revolution had many technological innovations. The first one we will discuss is the Bessemer Process. Once, a man named Henry Bessemer refined pig iron by blowing air through molten metal; purifying it of its carbon content. This drove down the price of steel and made it much stronger, cheaper, and let it be produced in larger quantities. Because of this, Sky Scrapers were able to be made possible. The Chemical Industry also expanded through the Second Industrial Revolution. Artificial dyes were created as well as chemically derived products like photographic film and nitroglycerin. And of course, one of the most famous inventions during the Second Industrial Revolution is Thomas Edison’s lightbulb, which redesigned the world as we know it.
Western Civ. 2, Lesson 105